how to fix the ocean without reading any specific article of ours:
There is always something you can do for the ocean. Even if we haven't come out with a new article yet, even if we haven't shown you a new problem or solution, there are always basic things you can do to lessen our negative effects on the ocean, hence this page, appropriately named, "Non-Specific Solutions."
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1. Use less plastic. As you may know, plastic takes a looooooong time to "go away." You will find "plastic" in the Google search results for "antonyms for biodegradable."
"...Plastic bags can take 20 years to decompose, plastic bottles up to 450 years, and fishing line, 600 years; but in fact, no one really knows how long plastics will remain in the ocean..." - Our Oceans: A Plastic Soup, Columbia University
To get a teensy weensy bit more specific, let's think of the plastic bag. Plastic bags are bad for the environment in general. They represent the largest component of marine trash. Plastic bags resemble jellyfish to turtles, who eat them without caution and end up dead. Birds on far off islands will feed plastic to their chicks.
Using less plastic is hard, but not impossible. To start, I recommend buying less of the things that come in plastic. Go to thrift stores to get clothes, or do a "clothes swap" with your most trusted and least smelly friends. Look at this website and follow this amazing woman on Instagram. Buy compostable straws, and other convenient things that look and feel like they're made of plastic but really aren't.
2. Actually pick up trash when you see it on the beach. You don't have to be part of an official clean up, although that does help for your social skills, all you "have to be" is a decent person. Yes, I know it's trash. You don't want to touch it. But if you don't pick it up, who will? The tree-hugging compost freaks who do organize those official clean ups? Well, yes, they would, that's kind of their point. But you can - and should - help out.